In the Western world, there are stories like Little Red Riding Hood and The Wolf and the Seven Young Goats. They teach children not to trust strangers and opening the door for them. In Taiwan, there’s also a legend with a similar plot which has been passed down from generation to generation. That is the story of Aunt Tiger (虎姑婆Hǔ gūpó).
Legend of Aunt Tiger
Taiwan Public Television Service and British S4C (Channel 4 Wales) have co-produced a clay animation on this story. In 2000, it won the Children’s Jury 1st Prize in the category of Television Animation at the 17th Chicago International Children’s Film Festival. Now, with images extracted from the animation, we are traveling back to a Hakka village in Ancient Taiwan to see what happened.
Aunt Tiger – Taiwan legend
A long time ago, there was a tiger who always wanting to become human. One day, he found a secret receipt in a cave. According to the instruction on it, he could transform into human completely after eating 3 children. Thus he went to the village to look for his victims. First, he appeared in front of a cowherd. By talking and offering him poisoned sweets, the tiger got his first victim and the information that there were also three children in the house nearby.
On the other hand, A-Xiang, A-Mei and their mother were going to a wedding. They were still waiting for their third aunt since she promised to babysit their little brother A-Qiang. Later, their mother left first and told them to join her after the arrival of the aunt. A-Xiang didn’t want to wait therefore left right after their mother’s leaving. She met the tiger on the way to the wedding. Again, with the same trick, the tiger arrested his second victim, knowing that A-Xiang still had a sister and brother at home.
At first, A-Mei refused to open the door for the tiger despite his hard trying. After meeting the aunt, who was coming for A-Qiang, the tiger also kidnapped her back to the cave. Then he pretended to be the aunt and successfully entered the house. When A-Mei was going to leave for the wedding, she noticed that “the aunt” had a tail. Later, it dawned on her that she was actually a tiger.
A-Mei was scared but quickly prepared traps in order to kill the tiger. However, in the end the tiger still took her baby brother away. A-Mei carried the firecrackers with her which were originally for the wedding and followed them to the cave. There she threw the burning crackers to the tiger and rescued the cowherd, A-Xiang, third aunt and A-Qiang. Finally the cave collapsed due to the quake caused by the crackers and hence the tiger died inside.
Other version of Aunt Tiger
As with many other legends, Aunt Tiger also has various differing versions. The best-known version might be this one…
The mother had to travel to another village far away. At night, since the mother still hadn’t returned home, the tiger disguised as their aunt and convinced the girls to let him in.
In the middle of the night, the elder sister was woken up by a strange noise. She found that the aunt was eating the fingers of her younger sister. With the excuse of going to restroom, the girl quickly went to the kitchen to prepare a big pot of hot oil. She climbed up the tree and hung up the pot. When the tiger felt suspicious and went to the yard to check, the girl poured down the hot oil and killed it.
Despite the fact that this version is way more scary and tragic, it is indeed one of the shared memories of many Taiwanese people. They also recognize it as one of the most terrible nightmares of their childhood.
Nursery Rhyme of Aunt Tiger
Not only the legend itself, but also the nursery rhyme of Aunt Tiger is widespread. Parents like to teach their children this song. They even take the advantage to “intimidate” them to behave well and go to sleep earlier. Because if they are not obedient, Aunt Tiger will visit them in the midnight to bite off their ears and fingers.
The lyrics go like this:
好久好久的故事 Story of a long long time ago
是媽媽告訴我 My mommy told me so
在好深好深的夜裡 In the middle of the dark night
會有虎姑婆 Auntie Tiger is there standing by
愛哭的孩子不要哭 Crying baby, don’t you cry
她會咬你的小耳朵 She will bite your little ears
不睡的孩子趕快睡 Sleepless baby, go to sleep
她會咬你的小指頭 She will bite your little fingers
還記得 還記得 Still remember, still remember
瞇著眼睛說 I narrow my eyes and murmur
虎姑婆別咬我 Auntie Tiger don’t bite me
乖乖的孩子睡著了 Obedient baby falls asleep
Extended learning from Aunt Tiger
虎姑婆 Hǔ gūpó
To be more precise, 姑婆 gūpó actually means “great-aunt” or “grand-aunt” since the word 婆 pó refers to “elderly lady”. In Taiwan, we also call those ladies who are around the age of our grandparents 阿婆 āpó. However, due to the fact that almost every current English version translates it as “Aunt (姑姑 gūgū or 姑媽 gūmā) Tiger”, here we also follow this convention in order to avoid confusion.
Now let’s learn some Chinese idioms related to the keyword “tiger” (虎 hǔ / 老虎 lǎohǔ).
母老虎 Mǔ lǎohǔ (tigress)
If we say a female is a 母老虎 Mǔ lǎohǔ, it means that she is as fierce and aggressive as a tiger. But remember, this description has derogatory sense, some even find it offensive. Thus be careful when using it.
秋老虎 Qiūlǎohǔ (autumn tiger)
This idiom is used to describe the climate. Usually the temperature falls down and turns more pleasant in autumn (秋天 qiūtiān). However, if it suddenly becomes unbearably hot like summer, we call it 秋老虎 qiūlǎohǔ since 老虎 lǎohǔ gives an impression of violence.
紙老虎 Zhǐlǎohǔ (paper tiger)
If we call someone 紙老虎 Zhǐlǎohǔ, it implies that this person looks threatening and powerful on the appearance, but actually is weak and hollow inside. Just like a tiger made of paper. At first it may scare you, but later you’ll find that it can’t do you any harms and it’s easy to be torn down.
把老虎當成病貓 Bǎ lǎohǔ dāngchéng bìng māo (take the tiger for a sick cat)
This means someone underrates someone or looks down on someone. For example: 露一手給他們瞧瞧，別讓他們把老虎當成病貓了! Lòuyìshǒu gěi tāmen qiáo qiáo, bié ràng tāmen bǎ lǎohǔ dāngchéng bìngmāo le! (Show them what you can do, don’t let them take the tiger for a sick cat! ) Sometimes we also say: 老虎不發威，被人當病貓。Lǎohǔ bù fāwēi, bèi rén dāng bìng māo. (When the tiger doesn’t roar, it’s taken for a sick cat.)
Want more from LTL?
If you wish to hear more from LTL Mandarin School why not join our mailing list. We give plenty of handy information on learning Chinese, useful apps to learn the language and everything going on at our LTL schools! Sign up below and become part of our ever growing community!